Oriented Nature Reserve Cavagrande
If you like nature, panoramic views and trekking you should have a trip to Cavagrande del Cassibile during your holiday in Sicily. It's a huge nature reserve which surrounds the canyon formed by the little Cassibile river. The Canyon is about 10 Km long and has steep stone walls, over 300 m high in…
This is the perfect place for travellers who love enjoying nature and the great outdoors. There are limestone cliffs above the valley floor and suggestive small lakes you can access along the path down into the gorge.
A beautiful place, savage, pristine nature! It's better to go there in spring or in autumn, the walk is a little bit hard when it's hot weather.
It’s the nature getaway not to be missed near Syracuse! The nature reserve Orientata Cavagrande del Cassibile is about an hour’s drive from the city. The panorama is magnificent, with a beautiful view of the canyon. It is also possible to see Etna in the distance! It is an ideal place for walking,…
“The Vendicari Nature Reserve was planned by a law of the Region of Sicily in 1981, but it was officially established in 1984, after numerous struggles of environmental groups and many bureaucratic steps. The history of the reserve has very ancient origins. Various archaeological and architectural statements are from the establishment of the man since the Greek era. Hellenistic Age South of Eloro, not far from the beach Marianelli, there are some quarries (stone quarries) of the 5th century BC used in the ancient Greek city of Eloro for the construction of temples and monuments. By the sea, not far from the Sveva Tower, there are tanks for tuna processing, next to which a small necropolis was also discovered. Inside the reserve, even a portion of the ancient via Elorina is visible, the connecting road between the colony of Eloro and Syracuse. Byzantine Age The complex of Byzantine is located in the south of Vendicari, today called “Cittadella dei Maccari”. In this site you can admire the Trigona: a Byzantine Cuba, which like all the churches of the time, has a square layout with three apses, a dome top and an opening to the east so that, as per tradition, the full moon light could enter the building beginning in this way the Holy Easter. At a small distance from the Byzantine Cuba there are several catacombs dating from the same period and some rests of houses, a sign of a densely populated area. Medieval Age To this period belongs the most beautiful and visited construction of the Reserve: The Sveva Tower, probably built by Peter of Aragon, count of Albuquerque and duke of Noto (1406-1438). This fortification was required to report and repel attacks of Saracen pirates and Barbary, which with their constant raids systematically ransacked the inhabited centres and countryside of the island. During the centuries, the structure was reinforced and rebuilt, until it took the current form.The Sveva Tower was used until the 19th century, time of invention of the telegraph that made obsolete these defence systems. Modern Age Of “recent” construction, but no less charming, is the Tonnara of Vendicari: also called Bafatu, that was built in the 18th century following the large increase of concessions of tuna-fishing nets. The activities of fishing tunas were facilitated by the presence of saltmines, the first dating back to the Greek era. Alternating between flourishing periods and closure ones, the tuna fishing system was completely renovated in 1914, thanks to the financial support of Antonino Modica Munafò, noble of Avola. In 1943, after the landing of the allies, and because of insufficient economic performance of trading tunas, the tuna fishing closed its activities. Today it remains a fascinating and unique proof of the traditional Sicilian Fisheries. Learn more about the Tonnara of Vendicari.”
Point of Interest
“The largest necropolis in Europe and one of the wildest areas of South Sicily, the perfect place to go hiking and discover the ancient traces of the original sicilian population.”
“An impressive old Greek amphitheater, and quarry including the ear of Dionysis. Well worth a visit.”
“Caribbean? Kenyan beaches? No… We are in Calamosche, the most famous beach of the reserve of Vendicari. Calamosche, better known by the inhabitants of the place as “Funni Musca” is a sandy little bay that extends for about 200 meters, delimited by two rocky headlands that act as shield to the currents, with the result of an always calm and clear sea. A lovely natural swimming pool ideal for snorkelling. Swimming to the reef on the sides of the little glulf, where the seabed is more profound, caves, hollows and ravines host a varied marine life. Direct access to this beach is granted by a dedicated entrance, reachable from SP19. Once arrived at the equipped parking place, you have to walk in a path for about a kilometre. A small sacrifice amply rewarded once arrived, as soon as you will see an enchanting place, a natural paradise! In 2005 it has been awarded by the Blue Guide of Legambiente with the title “most beautiful beach of Italy”.”
“Established in the 18th century, since 1988 the museum is located in the headquarters of Villa Landolina and is dedicated to the great archaeologist Paolo Orsi, who carried out the main studies on the city. The Archaeological Museum "Paolo Orsi" collects the most important documentation of prehistory, the protohistory of Sicily and famous works of Greek and Roman art, ceramics, marbles, architectural decorations. The oldest finds range from the Paleolithic to the Bronze Age; notable objects that testify to The Egee, Anatolian and Mycenaean influences. Precious are the kits of the Greek-Sicule necropolis, the ceramic material, the dense reliefs, the archaic statues. Gemma of the Museum is the "Venus anadiomene", called Venus Landolina after her discoverer, a statue of Roman-Hellenistic invoice. The material also comes from excavations of the many Greek colonies of Sicily, from Megara Hyblea, to Eloro, Akrai, Kasmenai, Kamarina and from numerous Hellenized indigenous centers. Since 2010 it is also open to the public...”